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1672, Augsburg, Leopold I. Silver Thaler-like Medal. R Picture(s) and Description:
CoinWorldTV 1672, Augsburg, Leopold I. Silver Thaler-like Medal. R! Heavy specimen given to city council members. 36.64gm Mint Year: 1672 Region: Germany Reference: Forster 51, KM-. RR! Emperor: Leopold I "the Hogmouth". Condition: Polished fields, otherwise a nice XF-AU! Denomination: City Council Medal ("Ratsmedaille" / "Ratszeichen") Mint Place: Augsburg (Free City within the Holy Roman Empire) Diameter: 50mm Material: Silver Weight: 36.64gm Obverse: Wreathed and armoured bust of Leopold I. "the Hogmouth" right, wearing Order of the Golden fleece. Legend: * LEOPOLDVS . AVG * IMP CAESAR * Translation: "Leopold, by the grace of God, Augustus, Emperor and King" Reverse: Two cupids flying above city-view of Augsburg, holding seven family arms of the chairman of the town (the so-called Stadtpfleger: Rehlinger, Amman, Uhlstatt, Rehm and Fugger). Below a large pine column (arms of Augsburg) above four family arms of four distinguished townsmen (as donators of the medal and probably of the event: Imhof, Stetten, Ilsung and Hamann) splitting date (16-72). Latin Legend: ARCHID . AVS . (*) DVX . B . CO . TYR . 16 (crown) 78. Translation: "Archduke of Austria, Duke of Burgundy, Count of Tyrol, 1678." At your attention a very important and rare city council member medal, which was given to the city council members as salary of their presence at the important for the city meeting. This type of medals were first introduced during the late 15th century and were originally of small value (equal to a wine jar) and often made of non-precious medals. During the 16th century the city council members of large cities such as Augsburg or Regensburg gained on importance as the cities grew in wealth and population. Here we have a huge specimen which has the weight of one and one quarter silver thaler of its time, which was probably the adequate sum in order to insure the presence of the rather rich members of the city council members and to have the important decisions of the city passed. A beautiful, extremely rare and important masterpiece and one of only few existing, countable by the hand specimens! On the head of the city Augsburg as chairman of the town council governed since 1266 the so-called Stadtpfleger, sometimes also called mayor, so it happened that both titles were in use at the same time. By 1548 the title was fixed as Stadtpfleger. These officiated for some years and after that they were elected for lifetime. This is why there were sometimes two or more Stadtpfleger simultaneously. Authenticity unconditionally guaranteed. Bid with confidence! Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor (name in full: Leopold Ignaz Joseph Balthasar Felician) Habsburg (June 9, 1640 – May 5, 1705), Holy Roman emperor, was the second son of the emperor Ferdinand III and his first wife Maria Anna of Spain. His maternal grandparents were Philip III of Spain and Margarita of Austria. He was a younger brother of Ferdinand IV of Hungary and Mariana of Austria. Intended for the Church, he received a good education but his prospects were changed by the death of his elder brother Ferdinand IV, on July 9, 1654 of smallpox, when he became his father's heir. Leopold was physically unprepossessing. Short and sickly, he had inherited the Habsburg lip to a degree unusual even in his inbred family. One contemporary said of him "His gait was stately, slow and deliberate; his air pensive, his address awkward, his manner uncouth, his disposition cold and phlegmatic". In 1655 he was chosen king of Hungary and in 1656 king of Bohemia,1657 king of Croatia and in July 1658, more than a year after his father's death, he was elected emperor at Frankfurt in spite of the intrigues of Jules Cardinal Mazarin, who wished to place on the imperial throne Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria or some other prince whose elevation would break the Habsburg succession. Mazarin, however, obtained a promise from the new emperor that he would not send assistance to Spain, then at war with France, and, by joining a confederation of German princes, called the league of the Rhine, France secured a certain influence in the internal affairs of Germany. Leopold's long reign covers one of the most important periods of European history; for nearly the whole of its forty-seven years he was pitted against Louis XIV of France, whose dominant personality completely overshadowed Leopold. The emperor was not himself a man of war, and never led his troops in person; yet the greater part of his public life was spent in arranging and directing wars. The first was with Sweden, whose king Charles X found a useful ally in the prince of Transylvania, György II Rákóczi, a rebellious vassal of the Hungarian crown. This war, a legacy of the last reign, was waged by Leopold as the ally of Poland until peace was made at Oliva in 1660. A more dangerous foe next entered the lists. The Ottoman Empire interfered in the affairs of Transylvania, always an unruly district, and this interference brought on a war with the Holy Roman Empire, which after some desultory operations really began in 1663. By a personal appeal to the diet at Regensburg Leopold induced the princes to send assistance for the campaign; troops were also sent by France, and in August 1664 the great imperialist general, Raimondo Montecuccoli, gained a notable victory at Saint Gotthard. By the Peace of Vasvár the emperor made a twenty years' truce with the sultan, granting more generous terms than his recent victory seemed to render necessary. Only 1$ shipping for each additional item purchesed! free customisable galleries from AuctionPixie.co.uk